Low Back Pain and its Epidemiology
Pain in the lower back is a problem that is so extremely common that most people experience it at some point during their lifetime. While substantial heterogeneity exists among low back pain epidemiological studies limiting the ability to compare and pool data, estimates of the 1 year incidence of a first-ever episode of low back pain range between 6.2% and 15.3%, while estimates of the 1 year incidence of any episode of low back pain range between 1.5% and 36%. In clinic-based or health facility studies, episode remission at 1 year ranges from 55% to 91%; most studies, however, fail to indicate whether the episode was continuous between the baseline and follow-up time point(s). The majority of people who experience activity-limiting low back pain go on to have recurrent episodes. Estimates of recurrence at 1 year range from 25% to 81%. Due to the variation in definitions of recurrence and remission, further population-based research is required to assess the daily patterns of low back pain episodes over 1 year and beyond. Substantial information exists on low back pain prevalence and estimates of the point prevalence range from 1.0% to 58.1% (mean: 18.1%; median: 15.0%), and 1 year prevalence from 0.8% to 82.5% (mean: 38.1%; median: 37.4%). Given the heterogeneity of the data, mean estimates must be interpreted with caution.
Many personal and environmental factors influence the course and onset of low back pain. Studies have found the incidence of low back pain is highest in the third decade, with overall prevalence increasing with age until the 60-65 year age group and then slowly declines. Other commonly reported risk factors include depression, anxiety, stress, job dissatisfaction, whole-body vibration, low educational status, and low levels of social support in the workplace. Low back pain globally has a tremendous, negative impact on families, individuals, communities, governments and businesses all over. When you get a chance, just check out the estimate The Global Burden of Disease 2005 Study (GBD 2005) made of the global burden of low back pain in relation to activity limitation and impairment. It will astound you. And still even, further research is needed to help us understand more about the broader outcomes and impacts from low back pain. But just what it does to quality of life and sleep alone is more than sufficient cause for concern, and why one must diligently seek effective treatment for it, such as what Southwest Physical Therapy has to offer you, especially with myofascial release therapy, at the greatest price in the Big Apple.