Leg pain can be caused due to different reasons as it depends on a person’s lifestyle and associated medical problems. Leg pain may be caused by a condition affecting the lower back, hip, or pelvic region. The type of pain may differ based on the underlying cause. Problems in the lower spine may affect the spinal nerve roots, causing pain to radiate into the leg and/or foot (radiculopathy).
Common causes of leg and foot pain that originate in the spine include:
Herniated discs: Bulging or leaking out of an intervertebral disc’s inner contents.
Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of the small bony openings for spinal nerves.
Degeneration: Arthritic or age-related changes in a disc, vertebral bone, or vertebral facet joint.
See Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)
Spondylolisthesis: Forward or backward slipping of a vertebra over the next lower vertebra.
See Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis
The arteries or veins in the legs may get inflamed or blocked, causing leg and foot pain.
Common causes include:
Peripheral artery disease: Decreased circulation caused due to blocked arteries.
Deep vein thrombosis: Blood clots in the deep veins of the leg causing decreased or altered blood flow.
Superficial thrombophlebitis: Blood clots in the superficial veins of the leg causing varicose veins or spider veins to form underneath the skin surface.
Blood vessels may also get ruptured and cause bleeding within the tissue spaces of the leg, causing acute pain and swelling.
Southwest Physical Therapy provides Myofascial Release Therapy that helps release leg pain by increasing blood flow and releasing the pressure points of pain.